By Phillip S. Meilinger
Ever because the US military received its first "aeroplane" in 1909, debates have raged over the software, effectiveness, potency, legality, or even the morality of airpower and strategic bombing. regrettably, a lot of this controversy has been coloured via accusations, misconceptions, inaccuracies, myths, and straightforward untruths. If airpower wishes criticizing --- and definitely there are occasions while feedback is suitable --- it needs to be according to exact info. In Airpower: Myths and evidence, Col Phillip S. Meilinger, USAF, retired, increases issues and counterpoints that try and transparent away many of the detritus that obscures the topic, therefore permitting extra knowledgeable debate at the genuine matters relating airpower and strategic bombing and giving our political and army leaders a greater foundation on which to shape judgements in destiny conflicts.
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Additional resources for Airpower: Myths and Facts
3 In other words, 75 percent of the Japanese had given up hope. Although it is probably true that, initially, morale spiked among the enemy population (applying pressure to an object generally tends to consolidate that object before fracturing it), overall no evidence exists to support 48 the claim that air attack bolstered enemy morale. As for the actual performance of German and Japanese workers, important criteria involve factors such as absenteeism. Whether or not a factory worker admits to bad morale, if he or she fails to show up for work because of the bombing campaign, then bombing is achieving one of its goals.
Contrary to popular belief, the RAF had almost exactly the same doctrine in the interwar years. 4) On the other hand, the bleak realities of war, coupled with the technological limitations of contemporary aircraft and bombsights, the miserable weather over both Germany and Japan, and extremely stiff enemy defenses, rendered prewar doctrine insufficient. But few soldiers, sailors, or marines accurately predicted what the war would look like either, as Pearl Harbor, Savo Island, Bataan, Kasserine Pass, and Tarawa painfully illustrated.
It did not. As for official Army doctrine—which the Air Corps had to follow—Field Manual (FM) 1-5, Employment of Aviation of the Army, dated 15 April 1940, stated that offensive air forces would receive their targets from the “field commander,” a soldier. 3 The Louisiana and Carolina Maneuvers of 1941 clearly demonstrated these priorities and command relationships when the Army field commander used the air assets at his disposal—600 aircraft— exclusively for support of the ground forces. The Army devised a scenario for these games that required the service to expel an invasion force that had already landed in the United States.
Airpower: Myths and Facts by Phillip S. Meilinger