By Richard Fardon
This indicates that multilingusim doesn't pose for Africans the issues of verbal exchange that Europeans think and that the mismatch among coverage statements and their pragmatic results is a much more major problem for destiny improvement
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Extra resources for African Languages, Development and the State
The difference between the two is highly contestable, and indeed impossible to maintain in the same form across contexts. Explicitly drawing attention to the shifting analytic status of the state is something (contrary to some critics) which is a potential strength of the Gramscian antinomies. Practically the extent of the state is unpredictable: our media (African or European) constantly astonish us with tales of the surveillance the state can exert over our lives and, contrariwise, with the seemingly simple tasks that state apparatuses prove incapable of discharging.
8 This tendency has been notably resisted by Elugbe (1990:13–14); but he shares the aspiration to a national language although he envisages this occurring over a period measured in centuries (1990:17). 9 The contributors to the Emenanjo volume (1990) differ widely in their preferences, from Sofunke who proposes Igala (an idea not endorsed by the editor’s introduction) to Rotimi Badejo who favours the early introduction of English to schools’ curricula as a counterweight to the advantage that otherwise accrues to Nigerians who speak English as a first language.
And Ihecheckwu M. (1985) Toward the Decolonization of African Literature: African Fiction and Poetry and their Critics, London: Kegan Paul International. S. ) Multilingualism, Minority Languages and Language Policy in Nigeria , Agbor: Central Books Ltd. in collaboration with the Linguistic Association of Nigeria. Croll, E. and Parkin, D. ) Bush Base: Forest Farm. Culture, Environment and Development, London: Routledge. Derive, J. J. ) Des langues et des états, Politique Africaine 23, Paris: Karthala.
African Languages, Development and the State by Richard Fardon