By Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra
This can be the 1st booklet to supply a entire evaluation of small hands and security-related concerns in post-9/11 Afghanistan. It contains case reviews which demonstrate the findings of in-depth box examine on hitherto overlooked areas of the rustic, and gives a particular stability of thematic research, conceptual types and empirical study. Exploring numerous points of armed violence and measures to take on it, the amount presents major perception into broader concerns resembling the efficacy of overseas assistance, the ‘shadow’ economic climate, warlordism, and the Taliban-led insurgency. that allows you to deconstruct and demystify Afghanistan’s alleged ‘gun culture’, it additionally explores many of the winning hindrances and possibilities dealing with the rustic in its transition interval. In so doing, the booklet bargains useful classes to the state-builders of Afghanistan in addition to these of different international locations and areas suffering to emerge from classes of transition. This ebook could be of a lot curiosity to all scholars of Afghanistan, small fingers, insurgency, Asian stories, and clash experiences usually.
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Extra info for Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-war Society (Contemporary Security Studies)
Chapter 8 – Kandahar City: the political economy of Coalition deployment In Kandahar, where the tribes are dominated by prominent families and individuals who have been strengthened further by their commercial relationship with the Coalition, the function of tribal militias can turn quickly from self-protection into predation. The fact that private security companies hire militias is problematic, as it fortifies the commander– combatant link, prevents soldiers from going through reintegration and job retraining, and provides incentives for racketeering.
In 2005, according to the US Department of State: In northern areas, commanders targeted women, especially from Pashtun families, for sexual violence. During the year, there were at least four credible reports of soldiers and commanders loyal to local warlords raping girls, boys, and women in provinces in the eastern, southeastern, and central part of the country. In one of these cases, police arrested two perpetrators, but the case remained open at year’s end. A total of 21 such cases were reported.
With regard to perceptions of threat, 41 per cent cited the Taliban/AGF as the greatest threat, 28 per cent cited drug traffickers, 22 per cent warlords, 4 per cent the American forces and 2 per cent the current Afghanistan government (Langer, 2005). Both of these polls were conducted prior to the rise in violence experienced beginning in spring 2006. Other polls, however, contradicted that positive assessment, revealing sharp differences in perceptions of security, particularly between regions and between urban and rural areas.
Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-war Society (Contemporary Security Studies) by Michael Vinay Bhatia, Mark Sedra