New PDF release: Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

By Dennis J. Stanford

ISBN-10: 0520227832

ISBN-13: 9780520227835

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the USA? in accordance with the now usual tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. particular stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition validated the presence of those early New global humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in starting place? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic learn, and genetic stories, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the outdated narrative and, within the approach, counter traditional—and usually subjective—approaches to archaeological trying out for historic relatedness. The authors practice rigorous scholarship to a speculation that locations the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st americans crossed the Atlantic by way of boat and arrived previous to formerly inspiration. providing archaeological and oceanographic facts to help this statement, the booklet dismantles the previous paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis expertise with the tradition of the Solutrean those who occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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Additional info for Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

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This highly logical hypothesis was quickly adopted by the archaeological profession and locked investigators into the nearly unshakable notion that hunters walking over from Asia peopled the Americas. If there was proof of Johnston’s land bridge / ice-free corridor theory, it would be evidence in Alaska and Canada of Clovis-like mammoth hunters leaving Asia for an unknown new world. 9 Supported by a grant from the American Philosophical Society to Wes Bliss, the leader of the expedition, they paddled canoes some two thousand miles down the Mackenzie River to the Beaufort Sea on the Arctic Ocean and explored along rivers over the border into Alaska.

Because Clovis technology appears in North America before the Canadian ice-free corridor could support human life, it would have to date to an earlier interglacial period. But there is no clear evidence of such an early occupation of the Americas. A logical conclusion is that Clovis ancestors must have bypassed the great continental glaciers on their way to the New World. Could they have accomplished this by ocean voyages, either skirting along coastlines and marine glaciers or crossing by boat?

Ultimately, whether the hypothesis is right or wrong, the many questions it raises and avenues it opens should spur scholars to broaden the scope of research possibilities and produce a more sophisticated story of human history. PART 1 PALEOLITHIC PEOPLES 1 FLAKED STONE TECHNOLOGY A Primer Investigating Paleolithic cultures, whether in the Old World or the New, is a great challenge because the principal artifacts we have to work with are flaked stone tools and flaking debris. Fortunately, archaeologists have found sites with animal bones, bone and ivory tools, hints of other perishable artifacts, and even rare cases of art, but these are exceptional.

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Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford

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