By Mira Ariel
Getting access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents deals an intensive shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a basically pragmatic account to a cognitive account, when it comes to processing approaches. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The concept of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the the most important components being the Salience of the antecedent, and the team spirit among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an incredible array of latest effects. the proper distribution of referring expressions in genuine discourse is at once expected. numerous universals of anaphoric relatives are said. therefore, even supposing now not all languages unavoidably have an identical markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the related functionality, Ariel indicates that all of them obey an analogous Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This publication should be obligatory analyzing for somebody with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra normally within the interplay among peripheral and critical cognitive structures.
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Additional info for Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents
B Dim light from the small brass lamp cast shadows on the walls. c In one corner of the room was an upholstered chair. Introduction Target: d The rug / lamp / chair appeared to be an antique. Subjects read the first three context sentences, and then they were shown one version of the target sentence. I emphasized the antecedents (which was not done in the original experiment, of course) in order to show the different distances separating each anaphor from its antecedent. Since the gap in response time between two and three sentences away was found to be small, but the one between one and two sentences large, Clark and Sengul concluded ‘that independent of other factors, the last clause processed grants the entities it mentions a privileged place in working memory.
And this depends on the discourse topic more than on the text type. Thus, though the news items seem to be different from the fiction on the one hand, and from the editorials on the other, when, in a different study (Ariel 1985a), I divided the news items into Brand-New information (a piece on a robbery, for example) and the then current and hence repetitive news (pieces on the Lebanon war), it was found that the Brand-New news items pattern together with the fiction, while the two news items on Lebanon were closer to the editorial findings.
0 (= he) had already mastered everything in astronomy, geography, and classics, However, he had a different personality, Not only did 0 ( = he) not seek officialdom . . Fox (1987) discusses English patterns of anaphora in non narrative natural conversations and in written expository prose. Generally put, her claim is that ‘by using a pronoun the speaker displays an understanding that the preceding sequence has not been closed down’ (p. 18). If a speaker assesses that the proposi tion containing the antecedent is closed, she uses a full NP.
Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel