By John M. Keegan
A Reference Grammar of Mbay offers an excellent creation to the grammars of Mbay, a Central-Sudanic languuge of the Sara relatives defined in a Dictionary of Mbay by means of an analogous writer. it truly is in accordance with huge box learn one of the Mbay in Chad in the course of the interval info for the dictionary was once gathered. The grammar is diveded into 8 sections. the 1st 5 describe the phonology and morphology. First. segmental phonology is defined, and a radical clarification and justification of the writing method is equipped, by means of an outline of tone and vowel size. the second one part treats morpheme constitution, with emphasis at the canonical and harmonic constraints which restrict the form of Mbay morphemes. The inflectional paradigms are defined within the 3rd part, and this is often within the fourth via an evidence of the phonological switch linked to inflection, with emphasis on an outline of the differing kinds of tonal swap. part 5 treats the constrained observe formation strategies present in the language. part six via 8 deal with Mbay syntax. part six describes the constitution and makes use of of the various different types and subcategories, and contains descriptions of alienable/inalienable nouns, verb element, serial verbs, adjectival makes use of of verbs and nouns, and many of the makes use of of ideophones, specifiers and compleentizers. part seven bargains with observe order, describing sentence order in addition to the constitution of the noun, verb and prepositional word. incorporated during this part are a few targeted buildings and expressions. quite often, the outline contained in those sections makes an attempt to be large in scope, and comprises explanatations of the way to precise universal techniques (e.g. life, impersonal expression, comparability, superlative, etx.) in addition to attention-grabbing elements of Mbay syntax which go beyond person different types (eg. the idea of 'standing/ sitting/lying').
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What do advanced degree students in applied linguistics need to learn in order to participate and contribute in the 21st Century? One way of beginning to think about the question is to clarify an approach to technology that would be unacceptable in applied linguistics. Describing an article Bowers considers typical of those in the literature on educational computing, he points out that it “introduces teachers to computer vocabulary, but it fails to mention the distinctive characteristics of computers that directly relate to the teacher’s responsibility in the primary socialization that students undergo when using a computer” (Bowers 2000: 125–126).
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A reference grammar of Mbay by John M. Keegan