Read e-book online A reference grammar of Mbay PDF

By John M. Keegan

ISBN-10: 3895861731

ISBN-13: 9783895861734

A Reference Grammar of Mbay offers an excellent creation to the grammars of Mbay, a Central-Sudanic languuge of the Sara relatives defined in a Dictionary of Mbay by means of an analogous writer. it truly is in accordance with huge box learn one of the Mbay in Chad in the course of the interval info for the dictionary was once gathered. The grammar is diveded into 8 sections. the 1st 5 describe the phonology and morphology. First. segmental phonology is defined, and a radical clarification and justification of the writing method is equipped, by means of an outline of tone and vowel size. the second one part treats morpheme constitution, with emphasis at the canonical and harmonic constraints which restrict the form of Mbay morphemes. The inflectional paradigms are defined within the 3rd part, and this is often within the fourth via an evidence of the phonological switch linked to inflection, with emphasis on an outline of the differing kinds of tonal swap. part 5 treats the constrained observe formation strategies present in the language. part six via 8 deal with Mbay syntax. part six describes the constitution and makes use of of the various different types and subcategories, and contains descriptions of alienable/inalienable nouns, verb element, serial verbs, adjectival makes use of of verbs and nouns, and many of the makes use of of ideophones, specifiers and compleentizers. part seven bargains with observe order, describing sentence order in addition to the constitution of the noun, verb and prepositional word. incorporated during this part are a few targeted buildings and expressions. quite often, the outline contained in those sections makes an attempt to be large in scope, and comprises explanatations of the way to precise universal techniques (e.g. life, impersonal expression, comparability, superlative, etx.) in addition to attention-grabbing elements of Mbay syntax which go beyond person different types (eg. the idea of 'standing/ sitting/lying').

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What do advanced degree students in applied linguistics need to learn in order to participate and contribute in the 21st Century? One way of beginning to think about the question is to clarify an approach to technology that would be unacceptable in applied linguistics. Describing an article Bowers considers typical of those in the literature on educational computing, he points out that it “introduces teachers to computer vocabulary, but it fails to mention the distinctive characteristics of computers that directly relate to the teacher’s responsibility in the primary socialization that students undergo when using a computer” (Bowers 2000: 125–126).

Chapters 5 and 6 demonstrate how the use of technology amplifies issues in applied linguistics in ways that expand theory. Throughout these chapters, I am using a variety of terms to signify technology in applied linguistics, including technology-mediated tasks, computermediated communication, computer-assisted language learning, and other collocations. I have intentionally not adopted a uniform term throughout because as Rose’s critical discourse analysis of the literature of educational computing points out: The subtle and apparently trivial differences in meaning between these terms are in fact points of contention; and the acronyms are signifiers of authority and efficiency which play a serious role in an on-going power struggle among various factions to privilege their meanings and interpretations above those of others.

If the computer is the mode of communication, the situation described by Crystal is apt – the rules for engagement are different depending on the particularities of the communication. In short, the general perspective for conceptualizing communicative language ability through technology has been formulated through work in applied linguistics over the past fifty years. While the framework exists, the particulars require careful study and analysis. What does technology mean for the additional kinds of strategies that must be a part of strategic competence?

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A reference grammar of Mbay by John M. Keegan

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