By M. Tendahl
A upsetting new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made through relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid idea indicates the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and probability of attaining a broader and extra life like idea of our figuring out.
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Extra info for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
In addition, there is information about linguistic signs connected to that concept, for example words, phrases and their collocations. Last but not least, there is information about the denotation and connotations of that concept, for example, typical objects or ideas instantiating the concept plus potential attitudes and feelings towards them. Those assumptions that are recruited to support the initial context are supposed to yield the maximal number of contextual effects accompanied by the lowest possible processing effort.
Nicole has not often been to The Underground. In this case, (47) is contextually implied by Nicole’s utterance in (45) in a context including (46). Both Nicole’s utterance and the contextual premises are necessary to derive (47) and recognizing the relevance of Nicole’s utterance in (45) obviously depends entirely on the recovery of the contextual implication. Apart from contextual implications, there are two other ways in which new information might interact with the context of existing assumptions: new information can either strengthen older assumptions or it can contradict and eliminate these assumptions.
This particular subclass takes as input both the utterance of a speaker and premises from the hearer’s knowledge of the world. It connects old with new information and, as mentioned above, achieves relevance thereby. Sperber and Wilson call this subclass contextual implications: Contextual implication A set of assumptions P contextually implies an assumption Q in the context C if and only if (i) the union of P and C non-trivially implies Q, (ii) P does not non-trivially imply Q, and (iii) C does not non-trivially imply Q.
A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics by M. Tendahl