By Christine Yi Lai Luk
This ebook offers a concise background of biophysics in modern China, from approximately 1949 to 1976. It outlines how a technological know-how forte advanced from an ambiguous and amorphous box right into a fully-fledged educational self-discipline within the socio-institutional contexts of latest China. The ebook relates how, whereas at the beginning together with mobilephone biologists, the chinese language biophysics group redirected their disciplinary priorities towards rocket technology within the overdue Fifties to deal with the nationwide pursuits of the time. Biophysicists who had labored on organic sounding rockets have been interested in the army area and persevered to give a contribution to human spaceflight in post-Mao China. in addition to the rocket-and-space missions which supplied the fabric context for biophysics to extend within the past due Nineteen Fifties and early Nineteen Sixties, chinese language biophysicists additionally created study and academic courses surrounding biophysics by way of exploiting the institutional possibilities afforded by means of the coverage emphasis on science's function to force modernization. The ebook explores and demonstrates the collective achievements and struggles of chinese language biophysicists in development their medical discipline.
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This booklet supplies a concise historical past of biophysics in modern China, from approximately 1949 to 1976. It outlines how a technological know-how area of expertise advanced from an ambiguous and amorphous box right into a fully-fledged educational self-discipline within the socio-institutional contexts of up to date China. The ebook relates how, whereas at the beginning together with phone biologists, the chinese language biophysics group redirected their disciplinary priorities towards rocket technological know-how within the past due Fifties to house the nationwide pursuits of the time.
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Extra info for A History of Biophysics in Contemporary China
1007/978-3-319-18093-9_3 33 34 3 The Institutional Infrastructure of Biophysics a scientiﬁc discipline? In the case of biophysics, institutional shaping is a critical factor; institutions justify and ﬁnance scientiﬁc inquiry. Institutional blessing is an essential condition for robust scientiﬁc development. This chapter explores the disciplinary landscape of biophysics in post-1949 China. Drawing on institutional yearbooks, memoirs, collections of diaries, and technical journals, my attention is placed on the research establishment, educational system, specialized journals, and professional society that comprise the disciplinary structure of biophysics in the PRC.
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Lepeshinskaya, and the Controversy of Cell Theory 25 Lepeshinskaya’s view that yolk spheres from chicken embryos could be remade into cells, in my speculation, was the well-nigh reformation of yolk spheres. As the meanings of remaking and reformation differ. Remaking means creation from anew, but reformation simply means revitalization. The latter must be easier to accomplish as the ingredients were all there (as inherited) from the historical background (Bei 1943a, p. 115). The research materials of Lepeshinskaya’s 1936 and 1937 papers differ quite signiﬁcantly from these of Bei’s 1942 study.
A History of Biophysics in Contemporary China by Christine Yi Lai Luk