By W. South Coblin
Phags-pa chinese language is the earliest kind of the chinese to be written in a systematically devised alphabetic script. it really is named after its writer, a super thirteenth-century Tibetan scholar-monk who additionally served as political adviser to Kublai Khan. 'Phags-pa's invention of an alphabet for the Mongolian language continues to be an awfully vital accomplishment, either conceptually and essentially. With it he completed not anything below the production of a unified script for the entire various peoples within the Mongolian empire, together with the valuable Asian Turks and Sinitic-speaking Chinese.
'Phags-pa is of great value for the learn of premodern chinese language phonology. even if, the script is tough to learn and interpret, and secondary fabrics on it are scattered and never simply acquired. the current e-book is meant as a realistic creation to 'Phags-pa chinese language reports and a advisor for analyzing and analyzing the script. It involves elements. the 1st half is an introductory part comprising 4 chapters. this is often by means of a thesaurus of 'Phags-pa chinese language kinds and their corresponding chinese language characters, including pinyin and stroke order indexes to these characters.The first introductory bankruptcy outlines the discovery of the 'Phags-pa writing approach, summarizes the main different types of fabric preserved in it, and describes the historic and linguistic contexts during which this invention happened. Following chapters aspect the historical past of 'Phags-pa stories, the alphabet and its interpretation, and the salient beneficial properties of the underlying sound process represented through the script, evaluating it with these of assorted later varieties of chinese language which have been recorded in alphabetic resources.
A guide of 'Phags-pa Chinese can be of certain curiosity to chinese language historic phonologists and students occupied with the background and tradition of China and relevant Asia in the course of the Yuan interval (A.D. 1279–1368).
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Additional resources for A handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese
He concluded (1930: 646): We have not sufficient reasons to consider the phonetic structure of the Ancient Mandarin language to have been homogeneous. On the contrary, our sources enable us to state that there existed two large dialects (or groups of dialects) widely divergent from the point of view of their consonantic system: one of them, let us call it type A, embodied in the hPhags-pa inscriptions, [Hung wu] Cheng yiin, Ch'ieh yiin chih nan, the other, let us call it type B-in various transcriptions of foreign names and in the Persian transcription.
We indicate it as a possibility in our interpretation. The fourth letter, which is an adaptation of the Tibetan letter w ~, occurs both initially and finally in 'Phags-pa Chinese syllables. In initial position we interpret it as 40 The 'Phags-pa Alphabet a voiced labiodental approximant. In final position, we take it as a voiced rounded labiovelar approximant. 4 The Dentals d [t] th [t'] t [d] n [n] These letters are direct borrowings of Tibetan t interpretation is uncontroversial. , th gj, d S' and n q.
In the same year, there appeared in Japan an article by Oshibuchi Hajime (1930) which is characterized by Nakano (1971: 17, n. 17) as parallel to Dragunov' s. Oshibuchi used not Karlgren' s system but the structure of the Zhongyuan yfnyim to study the 'Phags-pa material. His work is noteworthy for the fact that he also consulted a copy of the British MGZY manuscript. Somewhat later, Karlgren's system was again brought to bear on 'Phags-pa questions in a book by Lewicki (1949, chap. 3). Lewicki also used a copy of the MGZY manuscript (1949: 26, n.
A handbook of 'Phags-pa Chinese by W. South Coblin